About the Republic of Uzbekistan
The Republic of Uzbekistan one of the largest country in the region, which has a special geographical and geopolitical position in Central Asia with abundance of natural and human resources. Uzbekistan consists of 12 provinces and the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan. Independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Uzbekistan was proclaimed in August 31, 1991. National currency: Sum is the National currency of Uzbekistan. 1 Sum = 100 tiyins (small coin). Notes are in denominations of 10 000, 5000 , 1000, 500, 200, 100 sum.
The law “Of the State Emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan” was adopted on July 2, 1992 at the tenth session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The emblem is an image of the rising sun over the mountains, rivers and flowering valley, surrounded by a wreath of wheat spikes and cotton boxes. In the center of the coat of arms is depicted a fairy bird Humo with spread wings – a symbol of happiness and freedom of the Uzbek people. The octagon in the upper part of the coat of arms is a sign of the republic’s approval. The image of the sun – symbolizes the light that illuminates the path of the Uzbekistan, and points to the unique natural and climatic conditions of the country. The spikes are a symbol of bread, and the stems with the opening boxes of cotton are the white gold of our land. Spikes and cotton boxes, intertwined with the ribbon of the National Flag, mean the consolidation of the peoples living in the republic.
The law “Of the State Flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan” was adopted on November 18, 1991 at the eighth session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Symbols of the National Flag reflect the natural features of the republic and the national and cultural identity of the people. The blue color on the flag is a symbol of a cloudless sky and clspike water. This color has always been revered in the East, it was once chosen as a flag by the great Amir Temur. White color – a symbol of peace and purity and it means a good wish to the path of a young independent state to be clean and bright. Green is the embodiment of a fertile nature. Red stripes are a symbol of life. The crescent corresponds to the centuries-old tradition of the people of Uzbekistan, it is a symbol of heaven and peace. 12 stars symbolize 12 regions of Uzbekistan.
Location: Central Asia, south of Kazakhstan and north-east of Turkmenistan.
Most of the territory of Uzbekistan is occupied by plains (about four fifth of its territory). One of the main – plain is Turanianlowland. To the east and north- east of the country there are ranges of the Tien Shan and Pamir, here – the highest point of the country ( 4643 m). In the north central part of the territory of Uzbekistan is one of the largest deserts in the world – the Kyzyl Kum.
Majorly sharp- continental. The temperature difference between the seasons is quite significant. Average winter temperature is 6 C below and in July the average temperature rises above 32 C. The amount of precipitation is insignificant, which makes agriculture dependent on irrigation. The amount of precipitation is insignificant. The most favorable climatic conditions for coming to Uzbekistan are from the end of March to the beginning of June, and from the end of August to the beginning of November.
The population of Uzbekistan is more than 32 million people. In terms of population Uzbekistan holdes the third place among the CIS countries and 1st among the States of the Central Asia. Almost 80 % of its population is the Uzbeks . Uzbekistan multiethnic country – it is home to over 100 nationalities where the Russian consist of 5.5 %, Tajiks 5 %, Kazakhs 3%, Karakalpaks 2.5 %, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5 %. Religious denominations are Muslim 88 % (mostly Sunnis ), Christian Orthodox 9 % and others 3% ( Judaists, Buddhists, Catholics, Protestants etc.) Uzbekistan, like other Central Asian states, is featured by a relatively ” young” population and a high proportion of people of working age. The share of those below working age in the general population is 39%, of working age – 54 %, of retireds – 7%.
New Year – January 1 International Women’s Day – March 8 Celebration of Navruz – March 21 Memorial Day – May 9 Independence Day – September 1 Teacher’s day – October 1 Constitution Day – December 8 Eid – al- Fitr ( religious festival ) – date varies Eid al- Adha ( religious festival ) – date varies
Gold reserves of Uzbekistan are ranked fourth in the world after South Africa, the USA and Russia. And as for the extraction of gold – the second place among the CIS countries after Russia. Uzbekistan is one of the top five global producers of cotton. Five countries: China, USA, India, Pakistan and Uzbekistan – together produce 65% of the total amount. For Export of cotton Uzbekistan is the third largest after the U.S. and India. More than 75% of the produced cotton fiber is exported. Uranium reserves of Uzbekistan are ranked seventh in the world after Australia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Canada, South Africa and Ukraine, and the third in the world in its export after Kazakhstan and Australia. On reserves and production of copper and tungsten Uzbekistan is among the top ten countries in the world. Natural gas production in Uzbekistan is one of the top ten producing countries of the world and ranks third in the CIS after Russia and Turkmenistan. The gas industry of Uzbekistan is concentrated mainly in the areas of Gazly and Karshi. In 2010, Uzbekistan discovery of new natural gas field near Kosbulak deflection and the North Ustyurt region (Western Aral), as well as the prospective area Ernaza in the Bukhara-Khiva oil and gas region. According to the total population of Uzbekistan is the third largest country in the CIS after Russia and Ukraine – more than 30 million people. More than tow thirds of Uzbekistan consists of plains (Turan lowlands, The Fergana Valley, the Valley of the Amu Darya, Syr Darya, Zarafshan and their tributaries) and third – of the mountains and foothills (foothills of the Tien Shan, Hissar-Alai). Highest point: Hissar ridge (4643 meters above sea level) The lowest point depression Mynbulak (-12.8 meters below sea level) Uzbekistan, along with Liechtenstein is the only countries in the world, which neighbors do not have access to the sea. The oldest cities of Uzbekistan are more than 2750 years old, and the most famous of them – Samarkand, along with Rome, one of the oldest cities in the world. On shore of Qashqadarya is located one of the first five latitude stations in the world and its called Kitab. In the spring of 2010 Kitab team at ORI-40 start search for hazardous near-Earth asteroids. Uzbekistan is the only Central Asian city which subway was built in 1977. Tashkent – one of the few cities in the world where you can see the starry night sky and it’s possible because of low gas content.